While the earliest known historical records of Singapore are shrouded in time, a third century Chinese account describes it as "Pu-luo-chung", or the "island at the end of a peninsula". Later, the city was known as Temasek ("Sea Town"), when the first settlements were established from AD 1298-1299. During the 14th century, this small but strategically-located island earned a new name. According to legend, Sang Nila Utama, a Prince from Palembang (the capital of Srivijaya), was out on a hunting trip when he caught sight of an animal he had never seen before. Taking it to be a good sign, he founded a city where the animal had been spotted, naming it “The Lion City” or Singapura, from the Sanskrit words “simha” (lion) and “pura” (city).

The city was then ruled by the five kings of ancient Singapura. Located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula, the natural meeting point of sea routes, the city flourished as a trading post for vessels such as Chinese junks, Arab dhows, Portuguese battleships, and Buginese schooners.


Singapore is a world's cleanest city and one of the most wanted tourism & business spot in the world. Its an island city of Malaysia.

The tourism sector continued to face headwinds in the second quarter this year, but we have started to see some positive signs with international visitor arrivals registering growth in the months of May and June. For Q2 2015, tourism receipts (TR) fell 9 per cent year-on-year to S$5.2 billion, while international visitor arrivals (IVA) dipped 1 per cent to 3.6 million over the same period in 2014. (Report from

Singapore map
  • Singapore Airline - official airline of Singapore
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  • Singapore tourism

Visa Rules

Citizens of all countries not included in Assessment Level I and Assessment Level II lists are allowed a maximum stay of 30 days without a visa in Singapore, except the holders of the following passports who are allowed to stay for 90 days.

Officially, Indian passport holders must obtain a Singapore entry visa prior to arrival. However, it is quite common that Indian passport holders in transit are granted short visas to enter Singapore upon producing the onward boarding pass to the immigration officer at Changi airport.


Singapore Dollar (SGD)

The current Portrait series was introduced in 1999, with the 1 and 500-dollar denominations omitted. These notes feature the face of Yusof bin Ishak, the first president of the Republic of Singapore, on the obverse, and the reverse depicts a feature of civic virtue.

Getting to Singapore

By Air

Singapore’s Changi Airport is one of the busiest and best connected in the world, handling over 100 airlines flying to some 300 cities. There are four local carriers, including the world-renowned Singapore Airlines and budget airlines Tiger Airways and Scoot.

By Sea

As a leading homeport in the heart of Asia, Singapore is one of the world’s busiest cruise centres. A host of cruise operators, covering luxury, premium, and contemporary offerings, is ready to whisk you from around the region to one of the city’s terminals. The newest Marina Bay Cruise Centre Singapore can accommodate the largest cruise liners around today.

By Land

Driving into Singapore from West Malaysia is a relaxing and scenic way of getting here. Singapore has two land checkpoints, at Tuas in the west and Woodlands in the north, that operate 24 hours a day.


Official Languages of Singapore

Singapore have four official languages which are English, Malay, Standard Mandarin (Standard Chinese) & Tamil.

The majority of Singaporeans are bilingual in English and one of the other three official languages. For instance, most Chinese Singaporeans can speak English and Mandarin. Some, especially the older generation, can speak Malay and additional Chinese varieties such as Hokkien, Teochew, Cantonese, Hakka, and Hainanese.


Singapore's climate is classified as tropical rainforest climate (Köppen climate classification Af), with no true distinct seasons. Owing to its geographical location and maritime exposure, its climate is characterized by uniform temperature and pressure, high humidity and abundant rainfall.


Together with Buddhism, Islam and Hinduism, Christianity is considered one of the four main religions today. Christianity in Singapore is not tied to a particular ethnic or racial group, although most Christians are Chinese.


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